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  • janmurgatroyd

Trauma

Updated: Mar 24

Trauma can have a profound and lasting impact on mental health, as it can disrupt a person's psychological and emotional well-being in several ways. The effects of trauma on mental health can manifest differently in individuals, but there are several common ways in which trauma can influence mental health:

  1. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): One of the most well-known consequences of trauma is the development of PTSD. PTSD is characterised by symptoms such as: These symptoms can persist long after the trauma has occurred and can significantly impair daily functioning.

    1. intrusive and distressing memories or flashbacks of the traumatic event.

    2. nightmares

    3. severe anxiety

    4. hypervigilance.

  2. Anxiety Disorders: Trauma can increase the risk of developing anxiety disorders, including Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD), panic disorder, and social anxiety disorder. Trauma survivors may experience heightened levels of fear, worry, and apprehension, making it challenging to manage their emotions and stress.

  3. Depression: Trauma is a significant risk factor for the development of depression. The emotional distress, feelings of hopelessness, and helplessness that often accompany trauma can contribute to the onset of a depressive episode. Symptoms of depression can include persistent sadness, loss of interest in previously enjoyed activities, changes in appetite and sleep patterns, and thoughts of self harm and suicide.

  4. Substance Abuse and Addiction: Some individuals may turn to drugs (including legal drugs, illegal drugs and alcohol) as a way to cope with the emotional pain and distress resulting from trauma. Substance abuse can lead to addiction and further exacerbate mental health issues.

  5. Dissociation: Trauma can lead to dissociative symptoms, where individuals feel disconnected from themselves or their surroundings. This may manifest as feeling like you're in a dream, experiencing depersonalization (feeling detached from your body), or having amnesia from traumatic events.

  6. Relationship Issues: Trauma can affect an individuals ability to form and maintain healthy relationships. It can lead to trust issues, fear of intimacy, and difficulty in establishing emotional connection with others.

  7. Self-Esteem Issues: Trauma often leaves survivors with feelings of shame, guilt, and worthlessness. These negative self-perceptions can erode self-esteem.

  8. Emotional Dysregulation: Trauma can disrupt an individual's ability to regulate their emotions effectively. This may result in mood swings, anger outbursts, or emotional numbness.

  9. Physical Health Issues: The psychological toll of trauma can also affect physical health, leaving individuals more prone to stress related illnesses, chronic pain, and auto-immune disorders.

  10. Hypervigilance and Avoidance: Trauma survivors may become hypervigilant, constantly on guard for potential threats, which can contribute to chronic stress. Conversely they may also engage in avoidance behaviours to minimize reminders of the traumatic event, limiting their ability to engage in everyday activities.


It is important to recognize that not everyone who experiences trauma will develop mental health issues, and the impact of trauma can vary widely from person to person. Factors such as type of trauma, the individuals resilience, the presence of a strong support system, and access to mental health care all play a role in how trauma affects mental health.


Seeking professional health is often crucial to outcome. Therapy can provide a safe and supportive space for processing of trauma, developing coping strategies, and working towards healing and recovery. Early interventions and appropriate treatment can significantly improve outcomes.


For support with trauma call Hope Island Clinical Psychology on 0451 477 334.

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